This old-fashioned caramel icing recipe is a homemade cooked frosting. Here you'll learn how to make caramel frosting that has the creamy texture of brown sugar fudge!
Discovering a Recipe for Caramel Icing
This old-fashioned recipe for carmel frosting came from Susan LaRosa (pictured below), one of my favorite bloggers, who writes about collected classic, and vintage recipes.
Her blog, A Cake Bakes In Brooklyn, came about when Susan found a box of old recipes at an antique store. She began collecting vintage cookbooks and boxes of old, often handwritten recipes. She bakes them one by one and blogs about her favorites!
This easy caramel icing recipe for cake is one of the recipes she found in her collection. I love that it stands the test of time. It has a nostalgic flavor and texture, while still being a dessert that could trend on any social media channel!
Ingredients for The Best Caramel Icing Recipe
I love this carmel frosting recipe because it's heavy on the brown sugar, which creates a lovely caramel flavor and color. It's genius with this light Spice Cake.
Besides brown sugar, you'll also need some shortening, milk (both hot and cold), corn syrup, and confectioners' sugar.
Vanilla extract rounds out the flavor profile and takes the icing to the next level.
How to Make Caramel Icing
This is a never fail creamy caramel icing! However, it's not made like your typical icing. This icing recipe is made using the technique of cooked frosting — sometimes called a boiled icing.
This technique for making icing has been around for ages, but was quite popular in the early and mid 1900s. These classic icing recipes have just a few more steps than mixing butter with confectioners' sugar.
Here are the steps for how to make caramel icing:
Mix the shortening, vanilla, hot milk, and confectioners' sugar together until smooth.
Cook the brown sugar, remaining milk and shortening, and corn syrup together in a saucepan. You'll need a candy thermometer to take the right temperature.
Pour the hot mixture over the confectioners' sugar mixture and mix until smooth, and the texture starts to thicken.
Cooked Brown Sugar Icing
I've given step-by-step instructions for making caramel icing in the recipe card below, but here are the main things to keep in mind:
- You will need a candy thermometer along with your mixer to make creamy caramel icing.
- You will need to cook a sugar mixture to 235ºF on a candy thermometer. This creates a soft-ball textured caramel that is stirred into the confectioners' sugar mixture.
- The frosting is warm and smooth and should be spread on cakes and cupcakes pretty quickly. If the icing cools it becomes more candy, or fudge-like, and won't spread smoothly.
Tip: Because this is an old-fashioned boiled caramel icing, it must be spread while still warm. As it sets on the cake, it develops the consistency of smooth fudge!
Old-Fashioned Caramel Icing FAQs
Unfortunately, you will not get the same result with butter. Butter and shortening have different fat and moisture ratios.
You could try solidified coconut oil, but I haven't tried it myself so I can't say for certain it will work.
No, the icing must be prepared and spread over the cake immediately. As it cools, it becomes almost fudge-like in texture.
Tips for Making Homemade Caramel Icing
- This icing is versatile! It doesn't just have to go with the Spice Cake; use it on a chocolate cake, or cupcakes as well. (If you're using it on a chocolate cake, try sprinkling the top with a little flaked sea salt just to be super trendy. Salted Caramel Icing, y'all!)
- Because this is such a simple icing recipe, I do not recommend substituting any of the ingredients. It's a vintage recipe that works perfectly as is!
- You absolutely must use a candy thermometer when making this recipe. Without it, you may not cook the icing long enough.
More Easy Frosting Recipes:
Homemade Caramel Frosting
- ⅓ cup plus 1 tablespoon shortening
- ¼ cup hot whole milk
- ½ cup cold whole milk
- 2½ cups confectioners' sugar
- 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
- 1 tablespoon light corn syrup
- 2 cups light brown sugar
- In a bowl, combine ⅓ cup shortening, ¼ cup hot milk, confectioners' sugar, and vanilla and beat until smooth, about 2 min. Set aside.
- In a saucepan, boil together 1 tablespoon shortening, ½ cup cold milk, corn syrup and brown sugar until temperature reaches 235°F (soft-ball stage) on a candy thermometer, about 10 minutes.
- Pour the boiled mixture over over shortening mixture and beat until smooth and creamy, about 2 minutes. If icing isn't smooth enough, add 1 tablespoon hot water.
Cake recipes for any occasion
Recipe courtesy of Susan LaRosa at acakebakesinbrooklyn.com. Originally published in LHJ 03/12. Photography Seth Smoot. Updated 2023.